A SIMPLIFIED FORM OF SNOOKER. 3. RULES OF THE GAME. OF ENGLISH BILLIARDS. ENGLISH BILLIARDS RULES INDEX. 4. SECTION FOR NOTES. Snooker is a cue sport that is played on a baize-covered table with pockets in each of the four .. Jump up to: "Official Rules of the Games of Snooker and English Billiards" (PDF). The World Professional Billiards & Snooker Association Limited. Table at start of game: as depicted above. To remember the order of the colours in the "D" area, think of "G"od "B"less "Y"ou for Green, Brown, Yellow as you look .
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Read below for the complete run down of the rules of Snooker. A frame of snooker comprises the period of the play from the first stroke, with all the balls. will help them learn the basics of how to play snooker. . Snooker was invented in 19th century by changing some rules in billiards. In billiards. Rules of Snooker. Type of Game: International or "English" snooker is the most widely played form of snooker around the world. It is generally played on 6'x12'.
This varies, if your league considers an 8-ball break a win.
Rules of Snooker
Not correctly marking the pocket while pocketing the 8-ball. Note: All infractions above must be called before the next shot is taken. Only the players involved may call an infraction.
LEGAL SHOTS On all shots exception: page 11C and on the break , the shooter must hit one of his group of balls first and 1 pocket any group ball, or 2 cause the cue ball or any other ball to contact a rail. A safety shot is defined as a legal shot. Any ball pocketed on a safety shot remains pocketed.
Rules of snooker
Failure to make a legal shot as noted above. Shooting the cue ball into a pocket or off table. It is a foul when a player scratches on the break, or deflects the cue ball prior to hitting the racked balls. The incoming player receives Cue ball in hand behind the headstring. When placing the cue ball in position, any forward stroke motion contacting the cue ball will be a foul, if not a legal shot.
Shooting without at least one foot touching the floor. Coaching is a foul. Any member of a team called for coaching will result in a foul on the team member shooting.
After the cue ball makes contact with the frozen ball, the shot must result in either: a A ball being pocketed, or; b The cue ball contacting a cushion, or; c The frozen ball being caused to contact a cushion attached to a separate rail, or; d Another object ball being caused to contact a cushion with which it was not already in contact.
Failure to satisfy one of those four requirements is a foul. A ball which is touching a cushion at the start of a shot and then is forced into a cushion attached to the same rail is not considered to have been driven to that cushion unless it leaves the cushion, contacts another ball, and then contacts the cushion again. An object ball is not considered frozen to a cushion unless it is examined and announced as such by either the referee or one of the players prior to that object ball being involved in a shot.
Only opponent may replace the ball moved as closely as possible or leave it where it rests. If the shooter replaces the moved ball, it will be considered a foul. Picking up or shooting the cue ball while any balls are still in motion is a foul. Push shots and or double hits will be considered fouls. With cue ball in hand, touching any object ball with the cue ball is a foul or touching any object ball with your hand while touching the cue ball is a foul.
Jumping object balls off the table. After a scratch on a legal break, if a player positions the cue ball completely and obviously outside the kitchen and shoots it is a foul. Illegal jumping of ball. Only the players involved may call a foul. In the event of a foul call, the opposing player receives cue ball in hand anywhere on the table. Common fouls are: When a player commits a foul and the cue ball remains on the table, the opponent may either play from the resulting position or, if they consider it to be disadvantageous, request that the offender play again.
If the cue ball is potted or leaves the table, the opponent receives it "in-hand," allowing them to place it anywhere within the "D" for their next shot. It is sometimes erroneously believed that potting two or more balls in one shot is an automatic foul. This is only true if one of the potted balls is not "on" e. When the reds are "on", two or more of them may be legally potted in the same shot and are worth one point each; however, the player may only nominate and attempt to pot one colour on their next shot.
If a free ball has been granted see below , a colour may be legally potted in the same shot as a red or another colour, depending on the circumstances. Should a cue ball be touched with the tip while "in-hand", i. The following fouls award seven points to the opponent when committed: Any other foul awards points to the opponent equal to the value of the ball "on," the highest value of all balls involved in the foul, or four points, whichever is highest.
If multiple fouls are committed in one shot, only the penalty for the highest-valued foul is scored. The penalty for a foul is thus no lower than four points and no higher than seven.
Not hitting the ball "on" first is the most common foul. A common defensive tactic is to play a shot that leaves the opponent unable to hit a ball "on" directly. Because players receive points for fouls by their opponents, repeatedly snookering one's opponent is a possible way of winning a frame when potting all the balls on the table would be insufficient to ensure a win or tie. This portion of the frame is known as the "snookers-required" stage.
A free ball is a player-nominated substitute for the ball "on" when a player becomes snookered as the result of a foul committed by the opponent. Once the free ball shot is taken legally, the game continues normally; however, if the player who committed the foul is asked to play again, a free ball is not granted.
For example, as illustrated in the provided picture, if the ball on is the final red, but is snookered by the black due to a foul, the player will be able to name the blue as the free ball.
He could then pot the blue as if it were a red for one point. The blue will then be respotted, a nominated colour ball will be on, and normal play will resume. Note that, as a natural corollary of the rules, the free ball is always a colour ball.
If the ball on is a red, then by definition it cannot be snookered via another red, as it merely provides an alternative clean shot with another ball on. If the ball on is a red, and is snookered by a colour after a foul, then logically the red is either the final one or all reds are snookered by a colour ball, meaning the free ball has to be a colour.
If the ball on is a colour ball that is snookered by a red, a previous red must have been successfully potted; the snooker therefore must be self-inflicted and cannot have occurred as the result of a foul. If the ball on is a colour that is snookered by another colour after a foul, all reds must have been already potted; thus the free ball still has to be a colour ball. Interesting situations could occur if somehow both the free ball and the real ball on are potted.
If a colour were the ball on all reds were potted , and both the free ball and the actual ball on are potted, only the ball on is scored.
The free ball is respotted while the actual ball on will stay off the table. This is the only time when attempting to pot a colour that two balls can be potted without a foul occurring, because technically speaking both of the potted balls are on.
If the ball on is red and both the free ball and a real red are potted, then each ball potted is scored as a red for a total of two points. The colour free ball is then re-spotted and the red remains off the table. By the same logic, a player may hit the free ball into a real red in order to pot the latter a plant.
Going back to the picture above, the player could nominate the black as the free ball and use it to plant the real red. If the player potted both balls in one shot, two points would be awarded and the black would be re-spotted. Not potting the free ball incurs no penalty, so the striker may play a snooker using the free ball, gratis. However, if said snooker is achieved by having the free ball obstructing the ball on, then the strike is a foul and a penalty of the value of the ball on is awarded to the opponent.
The reason is that the free ball was to be treated as the ball on, and one cannot snooker a ball on by another ball on following the same logic that a red cannot snooker another red when red is on. The only exception to this is when there are only two balls remaining on the table, namely pink and black.
If the opposition somehow fouled trying to pot pink, and illegitimately snookered the striker with the black, then it is fair for the striker to snooker the opposition "back" with the free black ball.
A free ball scenario does not occur when the ball gets stuck at the edge of a pocket jaw commonly referred to as "angled" in such a manner that the player is unable to hit any ball on. This is because according to the official snooker rules a ball is snookered only if its way is obstructed by balls not on.
In this scenario, after a foul, the player may choose to either take the shot from the current position or ask the offender to play again, as per the usual rules on fouls.
A foul and a miss will be called if a player does not hit the ball "on" first a foul and is deemed by the referee to have not made the best possible attempt a miss. In this case, the opponent has the option to request that all balls on the table be returned to their position before the foul, and require the fouling player to take the shot again.
The rule was introduced to prevent players from playing professional fouls i. Multiple misses often occur because players attempt to hit a shot very softly or thinly in situations where a fuller contact might leave their opponent an easy potting chance.
This can lead to an apparently easy escape being attempted several times, as players feel that it is better to concede many points but leave a safe position, than concede none and leave a frame-winning chance.
In practice, the "best attempt" determination consists of three key elements that are easily applied objectively:. All three of these elements must be present in order for the referee to decide that a player has made their best attempt.
There are three situations in which a miss will not be called, even if the referee decides that a best attempt has not been made:. The table has six pockets into which the balls are potted, one in each corner and two in the middle of the long sides, or cushions. The end from which the game starts is called the baulk end and has a line across the width of the table 29 inches from the baulk cushion.
In the centre of this is the D, an The hard balls, made from phenolic resin, are approximately 2. There are 15 red balls and one each of black, pink, blue, brown, green and yellow, as well as a white cue ball which is the only one struck by the players. The colours go on their spots, the green, brown and yellow from left to right on the baulk line across the semi-circle.
The 15 reds are placed in a triangle with one red at the point behind the pink. Players score one point for potting a red, after which they must nominate a colour for their next shot.After a player has legally pocketed all of his group of balls, he shoots to pocket the 8-ball. When calling the shot, it is NEVER necessary to indicate details such as the number of cushions, banks, kisses, caroms, etc.
With "cue ball in hand," the player may use his hand or any part of his cue including the tip to position the cue ball.
Object of the Game
The penalty for a foul is thus no lower than four points and no higher than seven. Spotting Balls: Potting the cue ball in-off. A foul after such a warning is very rare. The hard balls, made from phenolic resin, are approximately 2.